Department of Applied Physics and Nanomaterials operates on base of the G.V. Kurdjumov Institute of Metal Physics of NAS of Ukraine.
The Department offers outstanding graduate and postgraduate students strong but flexible lecture courses and rigorous research training in field of applied physics and nanomaterials. The research can be done in following directions:
• Superconductivity and other electronic properties of metals:
– search of high-temperature superconductivity mechanisms;
– fundamental and applied research of vortex matter;
– development of new superconducting materials;
– synchrotron study of electronic structure, ARPES;
– superconducting electronics and spintronics;
– topology in condensed matter: concepts and materials for future technologies.
This research goes in close collaboration with IFW Dresden, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and BESSY Berlin (Germany), Swiss Light Source and PSI (Switzerland), Stockholm University (Sweeden), International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures in Wroclaw (Poland)...
• Computational Physics:
– quantum-mechanical calculations of the electronic structure of metals and modeling their physical properties;
– development of ab initio methods of computational physics, creation and improvement of complex computer programs to study the physical and chemical properties of complex polyatomic systems.
Colaboration with Max-Planck Institute for Solid State Physics, Stuttgart, Germany; Max-Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle, Germany; Ames National Laboratoty, Ames, USA; Byalistok University, Byalistok, Poland.
• Atomic engineering of surfaces and nanostructures:
– atomic force, tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy of surfaces;
– physics of single- and multilayer metallic systems;
– apatite nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, applications (bone substitutes, sorbents, biomaterials);
– nanowires based on plant viruses and nanoparticles of metals.
• Physics of strength, ductility and fracture:
– study of nuclear deformation and fracture mechanisms of nanocrystals, including two-dimensional (graphene) and one-dimensional (carbyne) crystals and structures based on them;
– thermomechanical stability and durability of elements of nanodevices.
Colaboration with Brno University of Technology, Institute of Physics of Materials ASCR, Central European Institute of Technology (Brno, Czech Republic), The University of Vienna (Austria).
– study of phase and structural transformations in significantly nonequilibrium conditions and the development of the basis of constructural materials for aerospace purposes, including titanium alloys, working in extreme conditions;
Colaboration with UCLA and Advanced Materials Inc. (USA).
– study of of magnetic shape memory in the system Ni-Mn-Ga for new functional materials;
Colaboration with Institute Laue-Langevin (ILL, Grenoble, France).
– interaction of hydrogen with structural materials for use in hydrogen technologies (hydrogen-stable materials, hydrogen storage, etc.)
Collaboration with University of Bordeaux (France).
• Condensed matter theory:
– theory of imperfect metal crystals and methods of their study, kinematic and dynamic theory of scattering of different types of waves, particularly the theory of photons in crystals with defects, the theory of phase transitions;
– development of theoretical and experimental foundations of new methods of diagnostics of crystalline and non-crystalline (biomedical) objects based on multiple scattering effects, particularly on the beams of synchrotron radiation and neutrons.
– clarification of mechanisms of selforganization of atoms, electronic and magnetic orderings of low dimentional structures with adjustable functional properties.